Destinations

ISTANBUL

Historic and modern , European and Asian here in Istanbul.

The center of the millennial Byzantine power , and subsequently in Istanbul, for about 500 years the capital of the Ottoman Empire , is a mixture of Europe and Asia makes it a special city . Walking in Sultanahmet, within the walls of the city , including mosques, museums and the Grand Bazaar is like going for a walk between the past and the present.

The name of greek Konstantinoupolis , from which the Italian Constantinople means " City of Constantine" . This name was given in honor of the Roman Emperor Constantine I. Constantine renamed Nova Roma , when the city became the capital of the Roman Empire , but this name never came into common use . Constantinople later became the capital of the Byzantine Empire until, was conquered by the Ottoman Turks in 1453.

Under the Ottoman sultans , Istanbul found a new period of splendor. The sixteenth century marked the zenith of Ottoman power . In this century dates the construction of the most important mosques in the city . In 1923 he founded the Republic of Turkey , the capital was moved from Istanbul to Ankara .

The current urban area extends on both sides of the Bosphorus , the strait that divides Europe from Asia and connects the Black Sea to the Marmara Sea and the Sea of ​​Marmara itself. The " Golden Horn " is the name of the natural harbor which overlooks the city center, on the European shore of the Bosphorus.

Modern Istanbul is located beyond the Galata Bridge to Beyoglu near Taksim Square and pereferie in the north of the city , encompassing all that means good restaurants and shopping .
Along the beach there are small cafes where you can enjoy a glass of tea and enjoy the view of the Bosphorus.

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