The territory of Turkey extends over 814,578 square kilometers. The European side and the Asian side are separated from each other by the Bosphorus ( Istanbul Bogazi ) , the Marmara sea and the Dardanelles ( Canakkale Bogazi ) . Anatolia is a high plateau rising progressively towards the east, cut by deep valleys and a dozen rivers including the Tigris ( Dicle ) and Euphrates ( Firat ) .
The center of the millennial Byzantine power , and subsequently in Istanbul, for about 500 years the capital of the Ottoman Empire , is a mixture of Europe and Asia makes it a special city . Walking in Sultanahmet, within the walls of the city , including mosques, museums and the Grand Bazaar is like going for a walk between the past and the present ...
The Mediterranean coast is called by the Turks ' Akdeniz ' which means ' White Sea ' but those who know the beauty of the southern part of Turkey with its azure waters , the wonderful panoramas , caves , castles and ruins of ancient cities ' prefer surely as the Italians call it , The Turquoise Coast ...
Bodrum , formerly Halicarnassus, an ancient Greek city where there was the mausoleum of the same name , one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. Today with the name Bodrum is a city in the South West of Turkey, in the Mugla province , with the port in the Gulf of Cos . And ' here that the Aegean joins the Mediterrane ...
The beaches on the Aegean coast are among the most beautiful in the country. This wonderful coastline , with its clear sea and pure, abounds in vast beaches surrounded by olive groves, rocky cliffs , groves of fragrant pines , small ports ideal for fishing ...
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